The royal seat of the House of Wittelsbach in Straubing reached its heyday during the era of the Duchy of Straubing-Holland from 1353-1425. Straubing remained important for a few centuries but faded since the beginning of the last century. Nevertheless, Straubing's beauty continues to charm her visitors. The centre is composed with pastel-colour buildings of different periods. The pedestrian square is dominated by the Gothic Stadtturm (city tower) (1316). It traps everyone's sight. The richly gabled Rathaus (townhall) stands quietly and humbly next to it.