30.12.18

Evora Se Cathedral and Churches


There is much to see in Evora. Even things done in one day are too much for one post.  So, churches which we visited are shown in this post and the rest is shown in alternate post.

Cathedral in Portugal is named Se which stands for Sedes Episcopalis (the seat of the bishop). Evora cathedral is the largest medieval cathedral in Portugal, built between 1283 and 1308. The architectural style transited from Romanesque to Gothic. It is completely made of granite. The cathedral was enriched in 15th, 16th and 18th century.  It was the ancient religious seat but gradually gave away to Lisbon.

 
 
 

Apart from the exquisite interior as the most important fortified cathedral, the most interesting part is the roof top and the views around.


Very nice stone sculptures show up between the Se Cathedral and the Spring of Porta de Moura.





Though not as important as the Se Cathedral, Igreja de S Francisco / Church of S Francisco is also adorned with its beautifully rich interior. The church is inspired by Gothic Manueline architecture and was build between 1480 and 1510. It is closely linked to the historical events that marked the Discoveries period in Portugal.


But for me the most spectacular is the colourful reflection on the floor.  I felt like I would ascend to the heaven.



The Igreja da Graca (Church of Grace) or Convent of Our Lady of Grace, was founded in 1511 and is an important Renaissance religious monument of the city. At the front you can see the statues that have been known for centuries as the 'Boys of Grace'.


Shortly after the Igreja da Graca, we saw a stork with its nest on the steeple of Igreja Senhor Jesus Pobreza (Church of Lord Jesus of Poverty).  So cute!



8.12.18

Evora


We struggled between a visit to Evora or Tomar on one of the last days in Lisbon. Both are beautiful and UNESCO towns. We took the one closer, Evora. It was a major trading and religious centre under the rule of the Romans. Different tribes ruled the city.  Until 1165 Evora was retaken by Geraldo Sem Pavor (Gerald the Fearless). The various rulers left historical monuments / tourist attractions within the city wall.


Rossio de Sao Bras (Igreja de Sao Bras / Ermida de Sao Bras Shrine) welcomed us to Evora and offered farewell to us on a sunny day. It is a 15th century fortified church with cylindrical buttresses covered by roofs with capital.  The charming church is not featured in the tourist brochure but you can admire the beauty when approaching the city from the railway station.


Jardim Publico and Palacio de Dom Manuel / Dom Manuel's Palace await your visit when moving towards the centre of Evora. Apart from being a relaxing venue for the locals, the park's peacocks fight for attention with the striking colours and the historic Dom Manuel's Palace will retain you for quite some time.


The Praca do Giraldo is named after the hero Giraldo Sem Pavor (Gerald the Fearless), who helped Afonso Henriques expel the Moors from the Alentejo region. In 1484 the Duke of Braganza was beheaded by his brother-in-law, King John II as the duke was in league with the Spanish nobility in an attempt to overthrow the Portuguese throne.  In the 16th century, the square was the focal point for the murderous 16th century Spanish Inquisitions.


Nowadays, the square of violence becomes a popular place for tourists to enjoy the relaxing ambience with the presence of many open air cafes and restaurants. The tourist information here provides a lot of information for free. Be sure to grab relevant brochures to maximise the joy of visiting Evora.


At the centre of the square is the ponte Henriquina fountain with eight steams representing the eight streets leading from the Praca do Giraldo. If you are interested in fountains, go southwest of the Se Cathedral to see the Spring of Porta de Moura.  It has an iconic marble sphere Renaissance fountain inspired by the Moors.

 


Diana Roman Temple is one of the most important sightseeing points in Evora and best preserved Roman structure on the Iberian Peninsula. 12 stone Corinthian columns and the connecting architraves remain standing and intact. The temple is situated in the Largo Conde de Vila Flor Square, next to the Se Cathedral and Museum of Evora.  It can be seen throughout the day without entrance fee.  At the back of the temple is a delightful garden.  Colourful flowers and beautiful sculptures assemble beautiful scenes.  I like particularly the kissing modern sculpture.  The position provides a panoramic view of the city.


Evora Aqueduct (Agua de Prata Aqueduct) is a massive 16th century structure carrying water from the river Riberia do Divor. As Evora flourished in the 16th century, King John III ordered that Evora should have constant supply of water in the mid of Alentejo which had hot summers and mild dry winters.  Francisco de Arruda (architect of Torre de Belem) started to build the aqueduct in 1531 and completed the construction in 1537. Water can be easily accessed at the city centre.  The aqueduct is still in use. Amazing!



The aqueduct with up to 25 metres mighty arches can be both viewed outside and inside the city walls.  For outside, it can be viewed just outside the city walls, by the ring road or where it crosses the R114, 1 km north of Evora.



Inside the city walls, the arches of the aqueduct are much reduced.  Underneath are little houses and shops. Best views to the aqueduct are around Rua do Cano, Rua do Salvador and Travessa das Nunes.



The University of Evora was founded in 1959, two decades after the University of Coimbra.   It was run by the Society of Jesus for two centuries. In 1759 the Jesuits were expelled from Portugal. The Marquis of Pombal ordered to shut down of all studies in the university.  It was reopened only two centuries after (1973).  Nowadays, the University of Evora ranks as one of the top universities in Portugal.


A few Euro entrance fee was required for the visit.  We didn't like it operating as a money machine and were not well informed on the visit.  As we were running out of time, we dropped the visit of the campus but spent a while in the park outside with cute modern sculptures.





17.11.18

Beautiful Cacilhas and Seafood Dinner


We descended back from Cristo Rei by bus in the evening and took a further stroll along the river side via Rua Ginjai. Along the way are abandoned warehouses, run down buildings, graffiti, fishermen and exceptional views of the Rio Tejo, 25 April Bridge and the glorious Lisbon.


 
 

The walk is quiet and very different from the bustle ferry terminal.  It took us around 25 minutes (including photo shooting) to the end of the path.  Two restaurants stand to greet visitors.  We picked the colourful Restaurante Ponto Final. If you walk a bit further, you will reach the Boca do Vento lift to ascend to Almada old town and Cristo Rei.


Apart from fabulous seafood, we were rewarded with stunning views of the 25 April Bridge and Lisbon between the evening and night. P.S. it was very windy next to Rio Tejo.

 
 

The way back was dimmed but romantic.  A few lights dotted the path in the cold night. Goodbye to the beautiful Cacilhas!